An Energy Crunch. China's Latest Crisis. They Just Keep Piling Up.

An Energy Crunch. China's Latest Crisis. They Just Keep Piling Up.
‍‘Over the next six months or more, the energy crunch in China will be an even bigger challenge than Evergrande. Will make the Evergrande problem look tiny and has huge global implications. The lights go out in China!’ one experienced and very well-respected reader of long residence in China wrote to me in response the last issue on Evergrande.
In-Depth

Just How Contagious is Evergrande?

Just as a personal crisis can lead you to dig deeper into yourself, so the rapid-fire events in China - with trillions of dollars of business and investment on the line - have led us to (finally) go deeper into how China works – and to come to grips with uncertainties caused by Xi Jinping’s recent moves to reshape the Chinese economy and the Party’s social contract with the Chinese people.
In-Depth

'This Time Feels Different'

Just when we thought we were getting used to Xi Jinping’s tech reforms and social-engineering regulations, the Evergrande crisis heats up.
In-Depth

AUKUS: A New World Order?

‍In case you passed over the news of AUKUS, the new strategic alliance among the U.S, the U.K., and Australia, here a few headlines to encourage a deeper look.
In-Depth

Xi Jinping: Today, video games. Tomorrow, well ... just be good.

Today's issue is a heads up on what may be Xi Jinping's efforts to reshape Chinese society.

Cheng Li

Director, Brookings Institution, John L. Thornton China Center

How China's Middle-Class China is Transforming China and the World

Clyde Prestowitz

Founder and President of the Economic Strategy Institute

'Forget about China': Clyde Prestowitz

Roger Garside

former diplomat, development banker, and capital market development advisor

'Regime change in China is not only possible, it is imperative.'

CHINADebate

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

'Are you tired of losing yet, America?'

Book
Interview
'

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As I write this, Taliban forces have entered Kabul and are reportedly occupying the Presidential Palace.
8/15/2021
The Big Ideas

Bloomberg

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

'China Signals More Regulation for Businesses in Coming Years'

Book
Interview
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'
‘The State Council’s statement provides a guiding context to interpret current regulatory thrusts. The blueprint as an attempt by Chinese authorities to help investors understand the motives behind the regulatory push.’
8/15/2021
The Big Ideas

The Wall Street Journal

|

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

George Soros

'Xi’s Dictatorship Threatens the Chinese State'

Book
Interview
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'
‘Mr. Xi is determined to bring the creators of wealth under the control of the one-party state.’
8/15/2021
The Big Ideas

Credit Suisse

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

China Economy: Industrial Production Down, Demand Resilient

Book
Interview
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'
China’s industrial production down 10%. Demand resilient.
8/15/2021
The Big Ideas

CHINADebate

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Don't Say Xi Jinping Didn't Warn You

Book
Interview
'

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‘Global investors are shocked to have discovered that China is run by Communists.’
8/5/2021
The Big Ideas

Bloomberg

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Matthew Brooker | Bloomberg

‘Global investors shocked to have discovered that China is run by Communists.’

Book
Interview
'

'
‘Global investors are shocked to have discovered that China is run by Communists.’
8/5/2021
The Big Ideas

Bloomberg

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Malcolm Riddell

|

CHINADebate

'Shocked Investors Scour Xi’s Old Speeches to Find Next Target'

Book
Interview
'

'
‘While China’s policy moves can feel ad hoc particularly to foreign investors, the changes are quite targeted on certain sectors.’
8/5/2021
The Big Ideas

The Wall Street Journal

|

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Greg Ip | The Wall Street Journal

'China Wants Manufacturing—Not the Internet—to Lead the Economy'

Book
Interview
'

'
‘Social media, e-commerce and other consumer internet companies are nice to have. But in his view national greatness doesn’t depend on having the world’s finest group chats or ride-sharing.’
8/5/2021
The Big Ideas

Bloomberg

|

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Matt Levine | Bloomberg

Part 1 | 'Owning Chinese Companies Is Complicated'

Book
Interview
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'
VIEs
3
‘ “Variable interest entities”(VIEs): The problem with this is that it sort of sounds like you’re kidding. But this is a standard method for mainland Chinese internet companies to go public, and the market has come to accept it.’
7/22/2021
Risks & Trends

Bloomberg

|

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Matt Levine | Bloomberg

Part 2 | The DiDi VIE (as an example)

Book
Interview
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'
VIEs
4
‘The prospectus has a diagram, above, of the corporate structure, which looks almost normal. But everything below the double arrow — the actual ride-hailing business, etc. — is slightly askew.’
7/22/2021
Risks & Trends

Bloomberg

|

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Matt Levine | Bloomberg

Part 3 | Revising the Rules

Book
Interview
'

'
VIEs
5
‘The Chinese government could declare “all these VIE contracts are actually a disguised form of foreign ownership, which is not allowed by the rules, so they are all void and your Didi and Alibaba shares are worthless.” ’
7/22/2021
Risks & Trends

CHINADebate

Malcolm Riddell

|

CHINADebate

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

China: Signals Blinking Red & Oops, We Missed the Risks

Book
Interview
'

'
VIEs
0
I had intended to make this issue all about ‘Variable Interest Entities’ (VIEs) and the emerging risks to about $1.8 trillion dollars’ worth of Chinese shares listed on U.S. exchanges – that is, 4% of the capitalization of the U.S. stock markets.
7/22/2021
Risks & Trends

Nikkei Asia

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

'Crackdown on US listings: Will China close $1.6tn VIE loophole?'

Book
Interview
'

'
VIEs
2
‘If Chinese authorities start to question “Variable interest entities”(VIEs), amid the crackdown that has already battered ride-hailing company Didi Global -- another VIE user -- the resulting loss of investor trust could send shock waves through global financial markets.’
7/22/2021
Risks & Trends

Financial Times

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Jamie Powell | Financial Times
7/22/2021
Risks & Trends

Bloomberg

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Malcolm Riddell

|

CHINADebate

'China Plans to Exempt H.K. IPOs From Cybersecurity Reviews'

Book
Interview
'

'
‘China plans to exempt companies going public in Hong Kong from first seeking the approval of the country’s cybersecurity regulator, removing one hurdle for businesses that list in the Asian financial hub instead of the U.S.’
7/18/2021
The Big Ideas

The Wall Street Journal

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

The Editorial Board | The Wall Street Journal

'Biden’s Warning on Hong Kong'

Book
Interview
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'
‘The pretense of Chinese and Hong Kong authorities is that their crackdown on the rule of law and dissent will have no effect on Hong Kong’s viability as an international center for trade and finance.’
7/18/2021
The Big Ideas

CHINADebate

Malcolm Riddell

|

CHINADebate

Malcolm Riddell

|

CHINADebate

Why the U.S. Lacks Leverage over China

Book
Interview
'

'
During the celebration of the Chinese Communist Party’s Centennial celebration, Mr. Xi stood in the same place on the balcony facing Tiananmen Square where Mao Zedong stood when he announced the founding of the PRC; Mr. Xi wore a gray Mao suit, among a sea of blue western suits; and he centered himself right above the portrait of Mao, who is similarly attired.
7/18/2021
The Big Ideas

Foreign Affairs

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Kurt Tong | Asia Group

Hong Kong and the Limits of Decoupling

Book
Interview
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‘The United States’ inability to make China regret—much less reverse—its transgressions in Hong Kong suggests that financial separation, sanctions, and economic barriers are less reliable tools than many in Washington believe.’
7/18/2021
The Big Ideas

Nikkei Asia

|

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

'I will aim for Mao's Status.'

Book
Interview
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'
‘There on the gate was Xi Jinping, Chinese president and party general secretary, in a gray Mao suit. Just below his feet was the portrait of Mao Zedong, also dressed in a gray Mao suit.’
7/18/2021
The Big Ideas

Financial Times

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

'US warns companies of risk of doing business in Hong Kong'

Book
Interview
'

'
“In the face of Beijing’s decisions over the past year that have stifled the democratic aspirations of people in Hong Kong, we are taking action,” said Antony Blinken, US secretary of state. “Today we send a clear message that the US resolutely stands with Hong Kongers.”
7/18/2021
The Big Ideas

CHINADebate

Malcolm Riddell

|

CHINADebate

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

The Biden Doctrine and Its Discontents

Book
Interview
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Biden Doctrine
0
President Biden has framed China as a threat both to the U.S. and the liberal world order.
7/15/2021
Biden China Tracker

The Economist

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

'What's Wrong with Biden’s new China doctrine'

Book
Interview
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'
Biden Doctrine
3
‘Mr Biden’s aides invariably start any discussion of China strategy with the need to restore American greatness after decades of decline.’
7/15/2021
Biden China Tracker

The Economist

|

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Part 2 | Joe Biden is determined that China should not displace America

Book
Interview
'

'
Biden Doctrine
2
‘Mr Biden’s aides invariably start any discussion of China strategy with the need to restore American greatness after decades of decline.’
7/15/2021
Biden China Tracker

The Economist

|

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Part 1 | 'Joe Biden is determined that China should not displace America'

Book
Interview
'

'
Biden Doctrine
1
‘Biden’s emerging China strategy, while still protean, sounds of a kind with Mr Doshi’s prescription for “blunting and building”.’
7/15/2021
Biden China Tracker

CHINADebate

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

The Chinese Point of View

Book
Interview
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Here are a few of my thoughts on the importance of Wang Jisi’s ‘The Plot Against China.’ Yuen Yuen Ang’s ‘The Evolution of Chinese Corruption’ speaks for itself - but note especially how Mr. Xi's anti-corruption campaign could hurt China's economy. I have now lived long enough that when a friend complains about his or her spouse, I say to myself, ‘There are no doubt two sides to this story.’
7/4/2021
The Big Ideas

Foreign Affairs

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Wang Jisi | President of the Institute of International and Strategic Studies at Peking University

'How Beijing Sees U.S.-China Relations'

Book
Interview
'

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‘In Chinese eyes, the most significant threat to China’s sovereignty and national security has long been U.S. interference in its internal affairs aimed at changing the country’s political system and undermining the CCP.’
7/4/2021
The Big Ideas

Foreign Affairs

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Yuen Yuen Ang | University of Michigan
Yuen Yuen Ang

'How Corruption Powers China's Economy'

‘China has managed to sustain four decades of economic growth despite levels of corruption that even Xi has described as “grave” and “shocking.” Why does it seem to have bucked the trend?’
7/4/2021
The Big Ideas

CHINADebate

Tony Saich

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Harvard Kennedy School of Government

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Five Themes that Point to Where the Chinese Communist Party & China are Heading

As the Chinese Communist Party begins its second century, it’s useful to identify enduring patterns that might aid us in understanding China today and the directions it might be heading.
7/1/2021
The Big Ideas

Harvard Magazine

Tony Saich

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Harvard Kennedy School of Government

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Ed Steinfeld | Brown University

'From Rebel to Ruler': Tony Saich on Chinese Communism at 100

‘At so many points during its century-long existence, the CCP appeared to be in its death throes, whether as a result of external attack or self-inflicted internal strife.’
7/1/2021
The Big Ideas

The European Union Chamber of Commerce in China

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

European Chamber in China: 'Business Confidence Survey'

Book
Interview
'

'
A mere 9% of European companies are considering moving any current or planned investment out of China, the lowest level on record. Instead, companies are strengthening their positions in JVs, onshoring supply chains and increasing spending to secure market share. The ambition not only to stay but also to expand their China footprint is more than justcapital flooding in due to optimism about growth. Companies are taking action to secure their operations in China and mitigate exposure to geopolitical trends in order to have a better chance of navigating a future that looks to be fraught with risk, at least in the near- to medium-term.
6/27/2021
The Big Ideas

Project Syndicate

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Mike Spence | NYU & Nobel Laureate in Economics

'How China & America Should Compete'

Book
Interview
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‘China and the West urgently need a new framework for understanding the state of the world and their place in it. Such a framework must recognize, first and foremost, that properly regulated economic competition is not a zero-sum game.’
6/27/2021
The Big Ideas

Project Syndicate

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Ian Buruma

'Jimmy Lai & the Death of Free Speech in Hong Kong'

Book
Interview
'

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Jimmy Lai’s tabloid, the Apple Daily, with its peculiar blend of scandal, gossip, and serious political reporting, was Hong Kong’s indispensable voice of free speech. Now that voice has been silenced, and Lai is in prison with others who tried to protect the right of Hong Kong’s citizens to speak and write freely, to be ruled by law, and to vote for their own autonomous government. Their politics are diverse Yet they stand together. When freedom is under siege, people cannot afford the narcissism of small differences that is tearing apart liberal politics in countries where people think democracy can be taken for granted.
6/27/2021
The Big Ideas

the market NZZ

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Jörg Wuttke | President of the EU Chamber of Commerce in China

'European Companies in China: Between Decoupling and Onshoring'

Book
Interview
'

'
‘Instead of leaving the market, European companies are exploring ways to separate their China operations from their global ones.’ ‘Following the Covid-19 outbreak, European companies in China spent the first few months of 2020 solemnly appraising their investment strategies.’
6/27/2021
The Big Ideas

Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS)

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Scott Kennedy | Center for Strategic & International Studies

'Congress on China: Then and Now'

Book
Interview
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'
‘With the Senate voting on June 8, 2021, to adopt the United States Innovation and Competitiveness Act, it is safe to say that this is the most comprehensive action by Congress on China policy EVER.’ ‘The language of the United States Innovation and Competitiveness Act is about a long-term competition with China as opposed to war with an enemy.’
6/24/2021
The Big Ideas

Global Times

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

'Apple Daily closed, but press freedom stays in Hong Kong'

Book
Interview
'

'
‘Freedom of the press is a good thing. The West's freedom of speech must be consistent with national interests and public security.’
6/24/2021
The Big Ideas

CHINADebate

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

The End of 'Apple Daily' - and Freedom of the Press in Hong Kong

Book
Interview
'

'
Through arrests and freezing of assets, Beijing has forced the closing of Hong Kong’s last pro-democracy newspaper, the Apple Daily.
6/24/2021
The Big Ideas

South China Morning Post (SCMP)

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

'Hong Kong’s Apple Daily newspaper folds under government pressure'

Book
Interview
'

'
Apple Daily was much more than a newspaper. To its fans, it was a defender of freedoms. To its foes, it was the defiler of national sovereignty.’
6/24/2021
The Big Ideas

Financial Times

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Malcolm Riddell

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CHINADebate

'China steps up crackdown on bitcoin mining industry'

Book
Interview
'

'
‘China’s latest intervention places further pressure on what was once one of the world’s most vibrant markets for trading and mining digital currencies.’ ‘It comes at a time when many governments are scrutinising the industry’s effect on the environment and determining the types of financial oversight that should be applied to cryptocurrencies.’
6/24/2021
The Big Ideas
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